Stress And Its Effects On Us: Management Of Stress And When To Seek Help

Stress and its effects

Our reaction to stress; determines how far we can go and be oneself"- Nursobroadcasto.

What is about stress?

Stress is a state of psychological and physiological imbalance resulting from the disparity between situational demand and the individual's ability and motivation to meet those needs.

Everyone do experience stress in one way or the other during one's life time which can disrupts individuals ability to contributes successfully to the society and threaten the healthy being.

"It's not the loads that breaks you down; It's the way you carry it"- Lou Holtz

Stress can be positive or negative:

Positive stress: This occurs when the situation or stress offers an opportunity to an individual to gain something to the extent of performing actions that people believe you can't.

Negative stress: This happens when an individual faces social, physical, organizational and emotional problems. This type of stress can lead to health breakdown.

What are stressors?

Stressors are the factors responsible for causing stress which are:

Life changes: Some changes in one's life such as unemployment, marital discord, accident or death of a loved one which can be abrupt or spontaneous can lead to stress in an individual.

Career concerns: When an individual feels that he or she is lagging behind the organization or business ladder, stress might sets in especially when career expectations are not met or fulfilled.

Role conflicts: Having different roles to perform at the same time whereby one role affects the other.

Jobs demands: Some jobs are more demanding than others, some involves more risks and danger which can pose a threat to health such as people working in constructing or manufacturing industries.

Work overload: Excessive workload results into negative stress due to the fact the individual is under pressure.

Poor working conditions: Working conditions can either improves or destroys one's health. Working conditions like bad lightening, poor ventilation, unhygienic environment, noise, chemicals and excessive dusts can put a stress to one's health.

Lack of unity: Dispute, disagreement, jealousy or mistrust in a family or organizational cycle can lead to a threatened stressor.

Fraustration: This causes stress when goal directed behaviors are blocked.

Others are:
  • Career changes
  • Personality
  • Unemployment
  • Lack of social support.

“Give your stress wings and let it fly away.” —Terri Guillemets

What are the effects of stress?

Stress can affect one's body, thoughts, feelings, activities and behavior. The effects of stress are:
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach upset
  • Inability to sleep
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Lack of focus
  • Anger/irritability
  • Sadness
  • Depression
  • Over eating or under eating
  • Social withdrawal
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Change in sex drive.

"You can choose to let stress weigh you down or make you stronger"-Nursobroadcasto.

How to manage stress?

Stress can be managed well with the following tips:

  • Engage in regular physical activity
  • Take lot of water
  • Have a good sense of humo
  • Cultivate resilience power
  • Socialization (family, friends, co-workers)
  • Engage in hobbies e.g reading or games
  • Have a relaxation techniques e.g deep breathing exercise, meditation, massage or music.
  • Have a positive attitude and mind set
  • Accept that there are events one can't control
  • Eat adequate diet
  • Manage your time wisely
  • Have a to-do-list
  • Get enough rest or sleep
  • Be assertive not aggressive
  • Reduce alcohol and substance intake.


. “The more tranquil a man becomes, the greater is his success, his influence, his power for good. Calmness of mind is one of the beautiful jewels of wisdom.” — James Allen

When to seek help?

Sometimes, other health conditions give signs and symptoms of stress, but if one is not sure it is stress, visit a reputable hospital or a licensed health care provider when the following symptoms are observed:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Pain radiating to shoulder and back
  • Chronic fatigue

 The above may be warning signs of a heart attack which needs emergency help immediately.
"Doing something that is productive is a great way to alleviate emotional stress. Get your mind doing something that is productive.” — Ziggy Marley

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